太田述正コラム#3923(2010.4.2)
<皆さんとディスカッション(続x791)>

<太田>

 遠江人さん、太田述正掲示板の投稿#701、「整理したうえでの再考」、まことにありがとうございます。
 Ueyamaさんと私のやりとりを要約的に整理するのではなく、フェーズ分けされるだけでよかったのではないかとも思いますが・・。

 私は、ちょっと前に「小説、映画、TV等でフィクションに親しむことは、我々の内に潜む複数の人格のうち、「悪しき」人格の現実世界での発現を予防する効果がある、というのが最近の研究をも踏まえた私の考えだよ。」(コラム#3604)と申し上げたことがあるところ、事実は小説より奇なりと言うけれど、読者は、上記やりとりを、このようなフィクション・・吉田ドクトリン/利他主義≒人間(じんかん)主義をテーマとする正統派小説・・として読むことができそうですね。
 この関連で、かなり舌足らずな記事ではありますが、フィクションの主人公の多くは「利他的懲罰者(altruistic punishers)」であると指摘する、以下↓の記述が大いに参考になりそうです。

 ・・・layered process of figuring out what someone else is thinking ? of mind reading ? is both a common literary device and an essential survival skill. ・・・
 ・・・there is a difference between the kind of reading that people do when they read Marcel Proust or Henry James and a newspaper, that there is a value added cognitively when we read complex literary texts・・・
 ・・・fictional accounts help explain how altruism evolved despite our selfish genes. Fictional heroes are what he calls “altruistic punishers,” people who right wrongs even if they personally have nothing to gain. “To give us an incentive to monitor and ensure cooperation, nature endows us with a pleasing sense of outrage” at cheaters, and delight when they are punished・・・. We enjoy fiction because it is teeming with altruistic punishers: Odysseus, Don Quixote, Hamlet, Hercule Poirot. ・・・ 
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/01/books/01lit.html?hpw=&pagewanted=print

 ちなみに、私は、やりとりの出だし(コラム#3877)の時点で、その結末(コラム#3915)がほぼ見えていました。
 やりとりの間中、10%くらいはこの私の予想があたらないことを期待し続けたのですが、Ueyamaさんは、一人芝居で崩壊していく、という私の予想通りの役柄を一貫してものの見事に演じきってくれた、ということです。
 名優に拍手。

<けいc。>

 この日系アメリカ海兵隊員の人のブログは面白いです。

 アメリカ大使館で働く日本人職員が日本人を軽く見る様子、在日米軍基地のPXで思いやり予算に飼われている日本人職員のアメリカという虎の衣を着る様子が端的に書かれています。
http://blogs.yahoo.co.jp/docallen2006/31589047.html

<太田>

 イジワルな感想で恐縮ですが、この日系米国人、件の米国大使館員やPXの職員が「日本人」だとどうして思ったのでしょうか。

 それでは、記事の紹介です。

 在韓米陸軍は何のためにいるのかって言いたくなるようなスタルダー発言ですね。
 また、額面通り受け止めりゃ、北朝鮮が崩壊したら、海兵隊は即、沖縄から完全撤退するって宣言したに等しい。
 おエライさんが、これほどおバカな米海兵隊、やっぱ解体するほかなさそうです。↓

 「・・・米国はこれまで、在沖縄米軍の役割について「北朝鮮の脅威」「中国の軍拡」「災害救援」と幅広く説明してきた。日本の安保専門家の相当数は、在沖縄米軍の一部を構成する海兵隊の任務について、地上投入兵力が約2000人である点を挙げ、「有事の際に韓国にいる米国人を脱出させるという役割に限定している」と解釈している。・・・
 キース・スタルダー米太平洋海兵隊司令官・・・は沖縄に駐留する米海兵隊について、「その時(=北朝鮮が崩壊した時)、北朝鮮の核兵器を速やかに除去するのが最重要任務だ」と述べた・・・」
http://www.chosunonline.com/news/20100402000012

 シェークスピアの母親はフランス人であった可能性があるんだと。↓
http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8598000/8598291.stm

 昨日完結した「モスクワでの自爆テロ」シリーズ(未公開)に収録し忘れた記事です。↓

 Just 48 hours after the devastating attacks on Moscow's underground system on Monday, suicide attackers struck again, this time in southern Russia. Two bombers blew themselves up Wednesday in Kizlyar, a town in the province of Dagestan, killing at least 12 people.
 The dead included a number of police officers, including the town's police chief. ・・・one of the suicide attackers drove a car bomb in the direction of the town center. When traffic police attempted to halt the vehicle, the bomb was detonated. The explosion took place near a day-care center and a police station. The second blast occurred after a bomber dressed as a police officer joined the crowd of investigators, rescue workers and onlookers and then detonated the explosives. ・・・
http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,686739,00.html

 ボルシェビキとプーチン主義を比較した以下のコラム↓、「モスクワでの自爆テロ」を念頭に置いて読むと、タイミング、絶妙だね。

 ・・・Putinism(プーチン主義), which was consciously designed by its image-makers as a simulacrum(似姿) of a great ideological style, has run through all the classical stages of Soviet history. Indeed, Putinism now seems like a trite parody of all of them.
 First comes the creation of a formative myth for the new system, one that generates a demiurge<(デミウルゴス=プラトンの著作である『ティマイオス』に登場する世界の創造者
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%87%E3%83%9F%E3%82%A6%E3%83%AB%E3%82%B4%E3%82%B9 (太田)
)>-hero, the nation’s father. Where the Bolsheviks had the October Revolution and the subsequent civil war to deify Lenin, Putinists used the second Chechen war, triggered by the blowing up of Moscow apartments, to raise up Vladimir Putin as national savior.
 The second stage is the time of the tempest ? the period when the country is stoically remade through the leaders’s iron will. Where Stalin had his barbarous yet monumental drive to industrial modernization, Putin boasted of making Russia a great energy power.
 Next comes heroic triumph. The Soviets had the great victory over Hitler’s Germany in World War II, which left Russia one of the world’s two superpowers. Putin’s supposedly heroic victory came in the war with Georgia of 2008, followed by the subsequent virtual annexation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
 From heroic victory, however, exhaustion invariably follows. Under the Soviets, this stage lasted about 40 years. But Putin’s simulacrum of Sovietism began to collapse much faster, partly by virtue of the fact that his regime’s ideology never had much substance to begin with, and so couldn’t begin to be used as a prop.・・・
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2010/04/02/2003469511

 フランス・イスラエル関係の変遷が簡潔にまとめられています。
 ここでも、国家関係の冷厳さに粛然たる思いをさせられます。↓

 The French-Israeli relationship began in the mid-1950s, when Israel became a major customer for the French arms industry. But the bond was not merely commercial: at the time France was trying to quash a rebellion in Algeria, and it shared with Israel a strategic interest in combating radical Arab nationalism. In 1956, France and Israel even fought together against Egypt in the Suez crisis.
 The tacit alliance, championed by Israel’s deputy defense minister, Shimon Peres, deepened during the late ’50s and early ’60s through military cooperation and cultural exchanges. French technical assistance helped Israel get nuclear weapons, and France supplied the advanced military aircraft that became the backbone of the Israeli Air Force.
 The relationship only grew warmer when Charles de Gaulle, the World War II hero, took over as French president in 1959. He recognized the historic justice of a Jewish “national home,” which he saw “as some compensation for suffering endured through long ages,” and he heaped praise on David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s founding prime minister, as one of the “greatest leaders in the West.” ・・・
 But with the end of the Algerian war in 1962, de Gaulle began mending France’s ties to the Arab world and the relationship came under strain. ・・・
 This double game, however, ended when the Six-Day War in 1967 forced France to pick a side. In a shock to its Israeli allies, it chose the Arab states: despite aggressive moves by Egypt, France imposed a temporary arms embargo on the region ? which mostly hurt Israel ? and warned senior Israeli officials to avoid hostilities.
 When Israel launched a pre-emptive strike on June 5, France condemned it ・・・
 France proceeded to make the arms embargo on Israel permanent, sought oil deals with the Arab states and adopted increasingly anti-Israel rhetoric. ・・・
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/01/opinion/01bass.html?ref=opinion&pagewanted=print
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太田述正コラム#3924(2010.4.2)
<ニューディール・大統領・最高裁(その3)>

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