中国は追悼式に代表を派遣していない。 ・・・」



 「日本政府主催の大震災追悼式 韓国と中国代表は欠席・・・」




 It has been five decades since Mao Zedong decreed that the altruistic, loyal soldier Lei Feng should be a shining star in the Communist Party’s constellation of propaganda heroes. But last week, on the 50th anniversary of that proclamation, came unmistakable signs that despite the Chinese government’s best efforts, Lei Feng’s glow is fading.
 National celebrations of “Learn From Lei Feng Day,"・・・turned into something of a public relations debacle after the party icon’s celluloid resurrection in not one but three films about his life was thwarted by a distinctly capitalist weapon: the box office bomb.
 In cities across the country, many theaters were unable to sell even a single ticket・・・


 下掲は、マックス・フィッシャー(Max Fisher)という記者が日系米人のミキ・デザキ(Miki Dezaki)のことを記事にしたものだ。(先月の記事だが、本日「発見」した。)↓

  He carefully avoided the most extreme and controversial cases -- for example, Japan’s wartime enslavement of Korean and other Asian women for sex, which the country today doesn’t fully acknowledge -- pointing instead to such slang terms as “bakachon camera.” The phrase, which translates as “idiot Korean camera,” is meant to refer to disposable cameras so easy to use that even an idiot or a Korean could do it.
 He really got his students’ attention when he talked about discrimination between Japanese groups. People from Okinawa, where Dezaki happened to be teaching, are sometimes looked down upon by other Japanese, he pointed out, and in the past have been treated as second-class citizens.・・・
 Nationalism is not unique to Japan, but it is strong there, tinged with the insecurity of a once-powerful nation on the decline and with the humiliation of defeat and American occupation at the end of World War II. Japan’s national constitution, which declares the country’s commitment to pacifism and thus implicitly maintains its reliance on the United States, was in some ways pressed on the country by the American military government that ruled it for several years. The Americans, rather than Japan’s own excesses, make an easy culprit for the country’s lowered global status.・・・
 ・・・his video seems to have hit on the belief among many nationalists that the Americans still condescend to, and ultimately seek to control, their country.・・・


 ・・・President Obama’s national security adviser, Thomas Donilon・・・for the first time laid out specific expectations that, if not met, could result in the unspecified US action -- which in the past has been interpreted as leaving open the options not only for an offensive cyberattack, but for sanctions or even a military response -- depending on the severity of the cyberintrusions.
 “We seek three things from the Chinese side,” Donilon said. “First, we need a recognition of the urgency and scope of this problem and the risk it poses -- to international trade, to the reputation of Chinese industry, and to our overall relations. Second, Beijing should take serious steps to investigate and put a stop to these activities. Finally, we need China to engage with us in a constructive direct dialogue to establish acceptable norms of behavior in cyberspace.”・・・


 The prime minister of New Zealand, John Key, has called on the producers of “Argo,” the now Oscar-winning film about Americans who holed up in the Canadian ambassador’s house during the Iran hostage crisis, to formally apologize for the movie’s portrayal of New Zealand.・・・
 Americans escape from the besieged Tehran diplomatic building and try to find shelter. Other Western embassies, including New Zealand’s, refuse to take them in for fear of putting their own diplomats at risk. But the Canadian ambassador invites them into his home, where they remain in secret for months before sneaking out of the country.・・・
  New Zealand went considerably beyond their mandate. Former ambassador Chris Beeby, who died 13 years ago, visited the hostages. He even rented a house the hostages could have used if they were discovered by the Iranians.・・・




 ・・・The committee awarded the 200 gold guineas (roughly equivalent to $20,000 today), Hobbs became a folk hero (and lock-picking a popular sensation), and Britain’s vaunted image of lock-making supremacy, as inviolable as the locks themselves, was called into question. The Bank of England itself promptly swapped out Chubb’s locks for those of Day and Newell. ・・・
 ・・・the Great Exhibition revealed, for the astute observer, signs of underlying weaknesses, the beginning of the erosion of Britain’s economic preeminence upon which its military and imperial strength rested.・・・


 ・・・The empire, founded by Cyrus and Darius, stretched from the Balkans to Central Asia at its peak.
 It was the first state model based on diversity and tolerance of different cultures and religions・・・
 Cyrus・・・earned・・・a reputation as a "liberal and enlightened monarch".・・・
 Cyropaedia, Xenophon's book on Cyrus・・・
 A contemporary of Socrates, Xenophon wrote on how Cyrus ruled a diverse society based on tolerance.・・・
 The book became popular during the Enlightenment among political thinkers in Europe and America, including those who drafted the US Constitution in 1787.・・・・
 ・・・what's extraordinary about Cyrus, is that he appears as a paragon of princely statesmanship in the two pillars of Western cultures, that is the Greco-Roman tradition and the Bible・・・
 Jefferson not only studied the book in detail, but also advised his family to read it, according to Massumeh Farhad, Freer and Sackler's chief curator.
Ms Farhad said Jefferson in a letter had asked his grandson to study Cyropaedia.
 "He wrote. 'when you start learning Greek, the first book you should read is Cyropaedia,'"・・・
 Although a source of inspiration for European and American philosophers, the state model created by Cyrus, based on diverse cultures, but no single dominant religion, was only picked up on in the 18th Century United States.
 "No European state managed to build tolerance into the structure of the state,"・・・.
 "They either have a state religion like Britain or they are against all religions like France, after the revolution."・・・