太田述正コラム#4949(2011.8.24)
<皆さんとディスカッション(続x1303)>

<薬の理屈の追究者>

≫ランガムの説(コラム#3299、3315、3566、3590、3591、3863)>と同じじゃん。何で彼への言及がないのかね。≪(コラム#4947。太田)

 著者はChris Organ, Charles L. Nunn, Zarin Machanda, and Richard W.Wranghamの論文で、著者の中に、ランガムが入ってます。それも最終著者として。
 原論文は、Phylogenetic rate shifts in feeding time during the evolution of Homo PNAS 2011 ; published ahead of print August 22, 2011, doi:10.1073/pnas.1107806108 です。
 ランガムとその共同研究者は、「チンパンジーの祖先とホモの祖先との分枝からホモ・エレクトスが現れる190万年前までは、臼歯の大きさの大幅な減少はない。」、と報告してます。

 解説ニュースが以下にあります。↓

 The efficient caveman cook
 Preparing food allowed ancestors to reduce chewing time

 Cooking, he <Richard Wrangham, Ruth Moore Professor of Biological Anthropology> argues, not only increased the calories available to ancestors and gave them more time for other activities, but it also sparked physical changes such as a bigger brain and a smaller gut, and social changes centered around the home and hearth.
http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2011/08/the-efficient-caveman-cook/

<太田>

 それでは、記事の紹介です。

 カダフィはどこだー?↓

 「リビア反体制派、カダフィ邸を制圧・・・」
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20110823-OYT1T00888.htm

 今回のガザ地区からのロケット攻撃に対してイスラエルのミサイル防衛システムが機能してるみたいね。その経費を米国が支弁してるってのも面白いな。↓

 ・・・the "Iron Dome" missile-defense system shot down about 20 militant rockets in recent days before they landed in Israel cities. That provided a window for mediators from Egypt and the United Nations to step in and calm the situation.・・・
 Israel only has two of the systems and has said it needs around 15 batteries for optimal protection around Gaza and the Lebanon border. Defense Minister Ehud Barak said Israel would have two more batteries by the end of this year, and nine by the end of 2013.
 The US Congress has budgeted $203.4 million in 2011 to help pay for more batteries, which cost $21 million each. ・・・
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2011/0822/Israel-s-Iron-Dome-system-reassures-nation-on-Gaza

 映画『アフリカの女王』(コラム#4396)に登場したドイツの軍艦、まだ現役の渡し船としてタンガニーカ湖にあるという話が出てた。引用しなかったけど、ドイツが修理費を出して保存することになりそうなんだね。↓

 ・・・The steamer・・・originally named Graf Goetzen・・・was secretly constructed in 1913 on orders from Kaiser Wilhelm II, who then had it carried piece-by-piece to be assembled on the world's longest lake in what was then German East Africa. The mighty ship was meant to save the German Empire's important colony by taking control of Lake Tanganyika.
 Scuttled once and sunk twice, the vessel was made famous by its inclusion in "The African Queen" with Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn.・・・
http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,781843,00.html 

 男女を問わず、美しさは武器になる。
 なお、男の美しさはマッチョになり過ぎない程度の筋肉質の引き締まったボディだって。↓

 ・・・there is actually a "beauty premium" paid to good-looking people. On average, in the U.S., they make 5% more than average-looking people, who in turn make 10% more than those deemed unattractive.・・・
 Women rate muscular men as sexier, more physically dominant and volatile, and less committed to their mates than nonmuscular men・・・
http://www.latimes.com/health/la-he-fitness-vanity-20110822,0,1578784,print.story

 結婚でも離婚でも人は太るが、男は女より結婚時には太り方が少なく、離婚時には大きい。↓

 ・・・Both marriage and divorce appear to lead to weight gain among couples・・・
 ・・・women tended to gain more weight than men after marriage, while after a divorce, men's girth expanded more than women's.・・・
http://healthland.time.com/2011/08/22/men-vs-women-who-gains-more-weight-after-marriage-and-divorce/

 結婚(内縁を含む)してる人は長生きするが、その効果は、女性の場合、幸せな結婚じゃないと認められない。↓

 ・・・Patients who were married when they underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were more than twice as likely to survive for 15 years, compared with unmarried patients, and those who were in happier marriages were more likely to live longer.・・・
 ・・・while men tend to benefit from marriage in general, women may benefit only when the unions are happy.・・・
 ・・・women are more physiologically sensitive to relationship distress than men, so an unhappy marriage can take a greater toll on their health・・・
 ・・・any effect on longevity that's attributable to marriage probably applies to all long-term, supportive relationships, not just legal unions. ・・・
http://healthland.time.com/2011/08/22/how-a-happy-marriage-may-be-good-for-your-heart/

<太田>(ツイッターより)

 両刀使い(bisexual)の男性が存在することが科学的に明らかになったという重要記事
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/health/23bisexual.html?_r=1&src=dayp&gwh=248B45878ED2743B1FB59EF93EDD1E46
を紹介し忘れてた。
 また、日本人に比べていかに米国人が無駄が多く不健康な生活をしているかが分かる記事
http://news.livedoor.com/article/detail/5803358/
も面白い。


 ユーチューブ上で驚異的ヒットをした日本の猫
http://www.youtube.com/user/mugumogu?blend=1&ob=4
がクリスチャンサイエンスモニター紙に華々しく登場。
http://www.csmonitor.com/Books/chapter-and-verse/2011/0823/Maru-the-cat-hopes-to-be-the-next-literary-sensation
 キャワイイーである。
 そう言えばどっかで見た記憶が・・。
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太田述正コラム#4950(2011.8.24)
<赤露による支那侵略(その6)>

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