太田述正コラム#3831(2010.2.15)
<皆さんとディスカッション(続x745)>

<オフ会幹事団>

 <次回、2月27日のオフ会について。

・一次会(講演会): 13:00〜17:15
新宿区・角筈地域センター 会議室B
http://www2.odn.ne.jp/~hak35040/ >

 <二次会、三次会の>第一候補は以下のお店です。

・二次会
炭火串焼 東方見聞録 かくれ伽 新宿オムニクス店
http://www.hotpepper.jp/strJ000006533/
 ・・・

・三次会
喫茶室ルノアール 新宿西口駅前店
http://www.ginza-renoir.co.jp/renoir/087.htm
 ・・・

1.講演会の雰囲気が分かれば、<オフ会への>参加をためらっていた人も、参加しやすくなるかもしれず、また、視覚的な宣伝素材も不足しているので、講演会の画像・動画をホームページや youtubeにUPする。

2.アンケート
< http://www.smaster.jp/Sheet.aspx?SheetID=24100
の特典が講演会の日までなので、オフ会についての質問に限らず、コラムなどについての質問も盛り込んだアンケートを、新しく作成する。
 当日、参加者に、そのアンケートを講演会の時に記入してもらい、抽選の対象する。

<太田>

 準備、まことにご苦労様です。
 講演会の画像・動画をアップすると言っても、私の画像・動画であって出席者を撮影するわけではないので、出席される方、ご安心を。
 出席される方は↓。
http://www.ohtan.net/meeting/
 なお、「発表・講義される方を募集して<は>いま」せんのでご注意。

 それでは、記事の紹介です。

 日本帝国とは何であったかが端的に分かる記事。
 こういう記事を載せる朝鮮日報に満腔の敬意を払おうではありませんか。↓

 ・・・日帝強占期の代表的なキリスト教指導者で、知識人に挙げられる佐翁・尹致昊(ユン・チホ)=1865−1945=は・・・興亜報国団委員長、貴族院勅撰議員に任命されるなど、総督府に協力した。・・・
 尹致昊は1930年代、ナチズムと共産主義が猛威を振るう世の中にあっては、日本の保護下にあることが朝鮮民族が生存する最善の方法だと考え、日本帝国の膨張が朝鮮人にとって利得となり得ると信じ、対日協力に乗り出した、というのが朴教授の分析だ。・・・
 朴教授は、ここ数年間に行われた過去史清算作業が政治的に誤用されている、と批判した。「多くの人が、親日協力者に向かって石を投げ、そこで利益を得ようとした。特に、政治家が介入すると、親日問題は例外なく、政治家の政略的野望にもてあそばれるおもちゃと化した。前政権の過剰な歴史修正意識から『誤って』生み出された親日反民族行為真相究明委員会の活動を見て、今や韓国社会はもう少し成熟した態度で過去を整理すべき時だ、と切実に感じた」・・・
http://www.chosunonline.com/news/20100214000021
http://www.chosunonline.com/news/20100214000022

 ドイツの大学を模範と考えた点では19世紀の日本は米国と同じだったけれど、ついに日本の大学は、この書評↓が言うような学問の府とはならなかった。

 ・・・In the 19th century, he notes, American universities came of age by looking toward two European role models: the Germans, with their emphasis on advanced research that could be disseminated to students in seminars and laboratories; and the British, who emphasized learning in small groups or tutorial sessions. But it was the German model, emphasizing research rather than undergraduate education, that came to dominate here, originally at Johns Hopkins. Other institutions resisted the Hopkins example at first -- a president of Harvard said it would suit his freshmen "about as well as a barnyard would suit a whale" -- but momentum seemed to be with the new approach, especially after what Cole calls "the giants of American capitalism" started making large grants to subsidize research. ・・・
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/12/AR2010021202410_pf.html

 官学が学問の府ではなく、欧米学問翻訳所兼官吏養成所となったのは致し方なかった面があったとしても、私学が実業教育の府に堕してしまったは残念至極。
 その元凶は福澤諭吉であるってのが私のかねてよりの主張だ。

 これも、従来なら非公開コラムで扱っていたトピックですが、豪中経済関係が緊密化する一方で、オーストラリアの対中警戒心は高まっているというオハナシです。↓

 ・・・A surging China has become Australia's No. 1 trading partner. It has pumped $40 billion worth of investments into the Australian economy in the past 18 months alone. China's 70,000 students help bankroll Australia's education system, and a half-million Chinese tourists a year keep Aussies employed as lifeguards, blackjack dealers and real estate brokers. Chinese trade and investment have insulated Australia from the global financial crisis more than any other developed nation. Australia is even speaking Chinese: Prime Minister Kevin Rudd is the first Western leader to speak fluent Mandarin. ・・・
 But all those ties haven't bought China much love Down Under. Opinion polls over the past five years show Australians are increasingly wary of the behemoth to their north. Rudd, while embracing Chinese trade, has moved to balance relations with Beijing by bolstering military and diplomatic ties with Australia's longtime superpower ally, the United States.
 In April, Rudd's government announced Australia's biggest military build-up since World War II and a report by the Ministry of Defense made it clear that China was the reason. ・・・
 Despite its economic inroads, China has made economic and political blunders that have infuriated, and occasionally amused, many Australians. ・・・
 <一つは、リオティント事件(コラム#3401、3410、3462)だ。>
 And it's not just ore that has Australians worried.
Last year, Chinese diplomats demanded that a film about a Chinese dissident be pulled from the Melbourne Film Festival. It wasn't, and although it was an obscure movie about an obscure topic, hundreds flocked to the premiere. Chinese diplomats also ordered Chinese students in Australia to participate in anti-Tibetan protests in the run-up to the Beijing Olympics in 2008. ・・・
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/13/AR2010021303651_pf.html

 こういうわけで、オーストラリアの軍事力増強ぶりと、豪米の軍事上の結びつきの強化が以下のように進展しています。↓

 ・・・behind the scenes, the United States and Australia were working to strengthen their security and intelligence ties with a view to countering a rising China. ・・・
 Australia in 2005 became one of the few countries to have a special U.S. immigration category of its own -- the E-3 visa that grants 10,500 young Australians the right to work in the United States for at least two years.
 The Bush administration also made it easier for Australian defense companies to obtain American military technology. The United States provided Australia's navy with equipment to make its submarines run quieter. The two countries expanded their satellite intelligence gathering operation, the Joint Defense Space Research Facility, in central Australia, and the United States granted Australia -- along with Britain -- almost unfettered access to real-time military intelligence.
 In September 2007, Bush and Howard signed the U.S.-Australia Treaty on Defense Trade Cooperation although it awaits ratification in the U.S. Senate. ・・・
 In April of last year, Rudd's government announced a massive military expansion, including 100 new F-35 fighters, a doubling of the submarine fleet, cruise missiles and powerful new surface warships. U.S. defense contractors will provide much of the equipment or the designs. ・・・
 Polling by the Lowy Institute over the past five years has documented a significant shift in Australia's mood away from China. In last year's poll, more than half of the respondents said they were uncomfortable with China's rise. By way of comparison, the poll indicated that support for the alliance with the United States was the highest since the think-tank began asking the question in 2006. ・・・
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/13/AR2010021303460_pf.html

 米豪関係↑に比べて、宗主国・属国関係であるにもかかわらず、安全保障面で米日関係がいかに希薄であるか、よくよくお考えいただきたい。

 日本の金融・財政状況についてのファイナンシャルタイムスの冷静な分析に耳を傾けよう。↓

 ・・・<Japan>’s gross debt towards 200 per cent of gross domestic product. ・・・One should be wary about explaining away such aberrations. Yet by several criteria, Japan is different. First, gross debt levels are misleading. Japan’s debt, after netting off the state’s own holdings, is less than 100 per cent of GDP. Second, the cost of servicing its debt is low, at roughly 1.3 per cent of GDP. That compares with 1.8 per cent in the US, 2.3 per cent in the UK and 5.3 per cent in Italy. Third, Japan has fiscal wiggle room: sales tax is just 5 per cent. Fourth, 95 per cent of Japan’s debt is domestically owned. Fickle foreigners have almost no sway. Indeed, Japan’s problem is still an excess of savings. Banks are awash with deposits that they need to place somewhere. For some time yet, the government will not find it hard to secure buyers for JGBs. Japan’s debt problem will be worked out in the family. ・・・
 In one area, though, it is being too complacent. That is in the fight against deflation. ・・・
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/cb125274-14e3-11df-8f1d-00144feab49a.html

 米国における恋愛至上主義の結婚観、比較的新しいもんなんだね。↓

 ・・・As recently as the 1930s, American men ranked mutual attraction as only the fourth most important quality for a relationship, while women had it even lower, placing it fifth (in a 1956 survey, women dropped it all the way to sixth). But in recent decades, love has climbed to No. 1, accompanied by a rise in the importance of looks, which suggests that our romance with romance is long on style and short on substance. ・・・
 <米国人は、そろそろ、昔の結婚観に戻るべきだ。>
 ・・・those most in love when they marry are also the most likely to get divorced.
 And the chemical attraction that many people rely on to choose a partner has been found to fade "to neutrality" in two to three years. ・・・
 As recently as the 1930s, American men ranked mutual attraction as only the fourth most important quality for a relationship, while women had it even lower, placing it fifth (in a 1956 survey, women dropped it all the way to sixth). But in recent decades, love has climbed to No. 1, accompanied by a rise in the importance of looks, which suggests that our romance with romance is long on style and short on substance. ・・・
 ・・・people with a very limited say in choosing their own spouses eventually became happier with their relationships than people with the freedom to choose anyone they wanted.・・・
http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-oe-trees14-2010feb14,0,6122560.story 
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太田述正コラム#3832(2010.2.15)
<欧州人アーサー・ケストラーの生涯(その1)>

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