太田述正コラム#3637(2009.11.10)
<皆さんとディスカッション(続x653)>

<ΒΒΒΒ>(「たった一人の反乱」より)

 <太田コラムで何度も登場する>人間主義。
 なぜか外国人に馬鹿受けしてるこの動画思い出した。
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6-KrrIbAEs

<太田>

英語字幕版がコレ↓
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xA8wmqPI63M&feature=related

 何でこの動画見て人間(じんかん)主義を思い出したのか、説明がない!

<ββΒΒ>(同上)

Time for a debate on immigration By Martin Wolf Published: November 5 2009 20:25
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/dcb25106-ca41-11de-a3a3-00144feabdc0.html

 さて、英国で再検討を提起する論が出てきたようですね。

<太田>

 単に議論を促してるだけじゃん。

<βΒβΒ>(同上)

Americans told to avoid Tokyo bar district after spate of robberies
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/mar/18/us-embassy-tokyo-warning

 危険地帯指定…。
 ビックリですよね。

<太田>

 読んでたけど、私が引用しなかった記事ですね。
 とにかく、引用する記事、古すぎるよ。

<killswitch>

 べじたんさん<(コラム#3590)>への返信<です。>

 40年位前、大学生の頃、御徒町の中田商会でボロボロに穴のあいたU.S. Armyの戦闘服を購入して数年間ほど普段着にしていた事を思い出しました。
 何故か兵士の怨念みたいなものに興味があったのです。

 処で<太田さん>、ハードウェア・トロイの木馬 #3612(2009.10.29)に記述された「kill switches=殺人スイッチ」という訳語に関して少し蛇の足の裏をさせていただきます。

 【killswitch】とは固有名詞でもありまして、平たく言えば「緊急停止」の仕組みです。
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kill_switch

 例えばモータースポーツに於いて、アクシデントにより競技車両が操縦不能に陥り、更なる暴走や発火爆発等の危険が予測される場合に、車両のバッテリー回路とエンジン制御回路を繋ぐ配線を強制的に遮断するスイッチの事です。
 このスイッチは車内に有って運転者が操作出来るのみならず、運転者が失神等している場合などでも外部から操作できる様に、エクステンションした取手が車外にも装備されます。
 モータスポーツがポピュラーな米国では人口に膾炙した用語であると推測できます。
http://www.turnermotorsport.com/html/detail.asp?PRODUCT_ID=01335

 元記事の【kill switches】には、「ハードウエアの機能を外部から強制的に停止させるスイッチ」という意味が「殺人スイッチ」と共に掛けられていると思います。

<太田>

 「殺人スイッチ」でも誤訳ではない、という理解でよろしいですね。(汗)

 それでは、記事の紹介です。

 ・・・The music of the castrati<主に 17,18 世紀のイタリアで声変わりする前の高い声を保つために去勢された男性歌手>・・・
http://ejje.weblio.jp/content/castrato (太田)
 The tradition rose from an unholy trinity(三位一体) of religion, money, and art. The church forbade women to sing in services. There was a standing ban, enforced primarily in the Papal States, on teaching women to sing professionally at all. Church choirs were staffed by boys, castrati, and adult tenors and basses.・・・
 ・・・<しかし、これを偽善と言わずして何だろうか、>the church forbade boys to be castrated, even as thousands of the uncountable numbers subjected to the operation were employed by the church.・・・
 In Naples(ナポリ) alone in the 18th century, some 4,000 a year were victims. ・・・
 The last well-known castrato, Alessandro Moreschi, nicknamed "the angel of Rome," sang in the Sistine Chapel and died in 1922.・・・
http://www.slate.com/id/2234635/pagenum/all/#p2

 このコラムを読むと、かつてカストラーティがよく歌ったアリアをメゾソプラノのチェチーリア・バルトリ(Cecilia Bartoli)
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%81%E3%82%A7%E3%83%81%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A2%E3%83%BB%E3%83%90%E3%83%AB%E3%83%88%E3%83%AA
が歌うのを、そのリンク先で聴くことができます。

 また、コラムの中に登場する、ホンモノの「最後の」カストラーティたるアレッサンドロ・モレッシによる歌唱を、リンク先からダウンロードして、メディアプレヤーにアドオンを加えることで聴くことができます。(全盛期の歌唱ではありません。)

 ベルリンの壁崩壊/ソ連圏崩壊に関する話が連日、報じられています。↓

 ・・・In September 1989, the Iron Lady visited Moscow and lectured Gorbachev against the reunification of Germany: It "would undermine the stability of the whole international situation and could endanger our security," she said. She kept up this view even after the people of Berlin had taken history into their own hands and demolished the barrier.

 Also overlooked in most histories and much commentary is the role played by "people power" movements in non-Communist countries. Throughout the 1980s, democratic insurgencies in the Philippines and South Korea, as well as the long resistance of the anti-apartheid forces in South Africa, showed that when the ruled do not want to go on in the old way, all they really need do is to fold their arms.・・・
 ・・・the gradual but impressive manner in which Spain evolved from a sort of fascistic theocracy into a civil and secular society. ・・・
 These examples were studied behind the Iron Curtain・・・
http://www.slate.com/id/2234782/

 米国の属国ならぬ、米国の属国際機関もたくさんあるようです。
 それにしても、石油生産のピークはもう過ぎてるらしいってよ。↓

 ・・・The world is much closer to running out of oil than official estimates admit, according to a whistleblower at the International Energy Agency who claims it has been deliberately underplaying a looming shortage for fear of triggering panic buying.
 The senior official claims the US has played an influential role in encouraging the watchdog to underplay the rate of decline from existing oil fields while overplaying the chances of finding new reserves.・・・
 Many inside the organisation believe that maintaining oil supplies at even 90m to 95m barrels a day would be impossible・・・
 ・・・it was "imperative not to anger the Americans" but the fact was that there was not as much oil in the world as had been admitted. "We have [already] entered the 'peak oil' zone. ・・・
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/nov/09/peak-oil-international-energy-agency

 テキサス州の基地での銃乱射事件犯人がアルカーイダ系過激派の影響を受けていたということが立証されれば、エライこっちゃ。↓

 Intelligence agencies intercepted communications last year and earlier this year between Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, who is accused of shooting to death 13 people at Fort Hood, Tex., and a radical cleric in Yemen known for his incendiary anti-American teachings. But federal authorities dropped an inquiry into the matter after deciding the messages warranted no further action, government officials said on Monday.
 Maj. Hasan’s exchanges with Anwar al-Awlaki, once a spiritual leader at a mosque in suburban Virginia where Maj. Hasan worshipped, indicate that the troubled military psychiatrist ・・・
 ・・・the cleric, who on Monday praised Maj. Hasan on his Web site, saying the Army psychiatrist “did the right thing” in attacking soldiers preparing to deploy to Afghanistan and Iraq.・・・
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/10/us/10inquire.html?_r=1&hp=&pagewanted=print

 豚もイルカ並みに頭が良いって可能性が出てきたってさ。↓
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/10/science/10angier.html?hpw=&pagewanted=print

 そんな豚を食肉化する時だって、イルカの撲殺並の「残酷」なことをしているようだけど、
http://mochilon.tumblr.com/post/60296205/3-50
誰も豚を守るためには声をあげない。
 ホント、人間って身勝手だよねえ。

 「夢」についての、いささか興ざめの真実が明らかになりつつあります。↓

 ・・・he main function of rapid-eye-movement sleep, or REM, when most dreaming occurs, is physiological. The brain is warming its circuits, anticipating the sights and sounds and emotions of waking. ・・・
 ・・・dreams are tuning the mind for conscious awareness.・・・
 In evolutionary terms, REM appears to be a recent development; it is detectable in humans and other warm-blooded mammals and birds. And studies suggest that REM makes its appearance very early in life ? in the third trimester for humans, well before a developing child has experience or imagery to fill out a dream.・・・
 ・・・only about 20 percent of dreams contain people or places that the dreamer has encountered. Most images appear to be unique to a single dream.・・・
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/10/health/10mind.html?hpw=&pagewanted=print

 あなたは、このEメールに関する問答についてどう思いますか?
 
 問:So what is e-mail doing to us, as individuals and as a culture?

 答:・・・You'll say things, and do things, over the Internet that you would not do in person or in a letter. You don't have any of the usual visual cues from face-to-face communication or in a conversation over the phone. There are no pauses, no pregnant silences -- you can't see someone wince when you say something rude. Or they might see you going in a direction and start to show visible anxiety. Writing over e-mail, you have none of that. And your natural response to it is to beat it back, to respond as quickly as possible. ・・・
 問:With all of these effects in mind, how do we take back our lives from the machine?
 答:・・・Just don't send a message. So much of what we send we could first stop and think, "Do I really need to send this? Do I really need to be logged on right now? Is there an urgent situation that means that I should check my mail?"・・・
http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/arts/la-ca-john-freeman8-2009nov08,0,4077224,print.story
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太田述正コラム#3638(2009.11.10)
<日進月歩の人間科学(続x9)>

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